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Native Americans

Information on the traditions and culture of the Iroquois, Algonquian/Algonquin and other tribes native to New York and the surrounding region is listed below. Don’t forget to visit us in person at the Library to find books and other materials to help you explore Native American life and culture in the Northeast.


The Haudenosaunee (ho-dee-no-SHOW-nee)

lacrosse Over 400 years ago the Iroquois Nation was formed by the five original tribes – the Mohawk, the Oneida, the Onondaga, the Cayuga and the Seneca. The sixth tribe to join the Nation was the Tuscarora tribe which arrived in the early 1700’s.

Explore the links below to learn more about the Iroquois Nation.

First Americans: Iroquois Confederacy
Iroquois - Wikipedia
The Iroquois/Hadenosaunee

Territory Maps:

5 nations map6 nations map
From Wikipedia

Need a book?

Search the Library for books about the Iroquois.


canoe The terms Algonquin and Algonquian have two very different meanings.

The Algonquin are a Native American tribe who live in Canada, while Algonquian is a term used to describe various tribes who all spoke a similar language.

There are many Algonquian tribes. Some tribes that were native to the New York, New England and surrounding regions include the Mahican, Montauk, Shinnecock, Pequot, Lenape, Mohegan and Ojibwa (Chippewa) tribes [c1] .

Facts for Kids: Algonquian Indian Tribes provides a more detailed explanation of the differences between the terms Algonquin and Algonquian.

Explore the websites below to learn more about Algonquin/Algonquian Native Americans.


longhouse The two most common forms of shelters in the Northeast were the longhouse and the wigwam.

Native American Shelters: Northeast: Long House
Native American Shelters: East and Southeast: Wigwams
Northeast Woodland Tribes
Native American Housing
What’s in a House?
NativeTech: Wigwams

Need a book?

Click here to search the Library for books about Native American homes.

The Library also has books on Native American artwork, crafts and games

Still can’t find what you need?

Try one of these lists of Native American websites:

Just Curious: Native Americans
Yahooligans: Native Americans

Still can’t find what you need? You can visit us in person or call us at (631) 399-1511 ext. 260 to speak with a Children’s and Parents’ Services Librarian.
[c1] Sources: An Algonquian Year: The Year According to the Full Moon by Michael McCurdy c2000; The Algonquian by Rita and Mary D’Apice; internet sources as seen in this document.